Open Access

This article is published under an Open Access licence, which means it is freely available to read, download, and share. Open Access publishing allows for wider dissemination of research and facilitates the exchange of knowledge.

The International Journal of Financial Systems (IJFS) is compliant with I4OC standards for open citation which means full open access, which means all articles are available on the internet for all users immediately upon publication.

Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full-text articles in this journal without seeking prior permission from the publisher or the author as long as they acknowledge the authors as listed in the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY-NC).

Creative Commons copyright licences and tools forge a balance in the "all rights reserved" arrangement created by copyright law. Individual creators, large corporations, and institutions, can use these tools to issue copyright authorisations for their works directly and in a standardised way.

Through the IJFS, users are given complete freedom to:

Conditions apply:

The International Journal of Financial Systems (IJFS), provides direct open access to its articles on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY-NC).